Industrial Locomotives of South Asia (ILSA)

Compiled by Simon Darvill

First edition 2000; Revised August 2004.




Atkien, W Exploring Indian Railways OUP, New Delhi 1994
Bhandari, R.R. Kalka-Simla and Kangra Valley Railways Northern Railways, New Delhi 1983
Harran, E Ways of our light railways Indian Railway Gazette 1911
Hughes, H.C. Indian Locomotives - Part 1 Broad Gauge 1851-1940 Continental Railway Circle, 1990
Hughes, H.C. Indian Locomotives - Part 2 Metre Gauge 1872-1940 Continental Railway Circle, 1992
Hughes, H.C. Indian Locomotives - Part 3 Narrow Gauge 1863-1940 Continental Railway Circle, 1994
Hughes, H.C. Indian Locomotives - Part 4 1940-1990 Continental Railway Circle, 1996
Hughes, H.C. Middle East Railways Continental Railway Circle, 1981
Jones, F Mainline to Industry Lightmoor Press, Lydney 1998
Mawson E.O. & Calthorp E.R. Pioneer Irrigation and Light Railways Crosby Lockwood, London 1904
Ray, K.R. Industrialization in India - Growth and conflict in the private sector 1914-47 OUP, Delhi  1979
Roa, M.A. Indian Railways National Books Trust, 1988
Rungta, R.S. Rise of business corporations in India CUP, 1970
Taylorson, K Narrow gauge at war Plateway Press, 1987
Taylorson, K Narrow gauge at war 2 Plateway Press, 1996
Tourret, R Allied Military locomotives of the second world war Tourett Publishing 1997
Unknown Vertical Boiler locomotives built in Great Britain Oakwood Press, 
Unknown Imperial Gazetteer of India atlas Times Publishing, 1920
Unknown Rail Transport Museum guide book
Unknown Mysore Railway Museum guide book
Unknown South Asian handbook 1992 Trade and Travel Publications, 1991


Indian Railway Gazette 1910-1942
Indian Engineering, 1894 - 1912
The Locomotive 1924
Continental Railway Journal 1980-present
Industrial Railway Society bulletin 1967-present
Industrial Railway Record No 63
Narrow Gauge Railway Society bulletin 1980-present
The Narrow Gauge 1985-present
The Railway Magazine 1897-present
Railway Byline Vol 1 No 1 onwards
Locomotive Profile No 23, Darjeeling Tanks

Company Publications

Fifty years of Tata Iron and Steel Company, Tata Company 1957
Suri & Nayan promotional literature
CKD promotional literature
BHEL website
IRCON website

Government Publications


United Provinces - Cawnpore 1909
Gujerat - Jamanagar 1957
Mysore - Kolar 1968
Bengal - Burdwan 1910
Bihar - Darbangha 1964


Railway map of India  1993

Government records


Public Works Proceedings 1899

Various systems of Light Railways for military purposes in use on the continent 1884
Supply of resources and Light Railway plant as part of the mobilisation of equipment for the Army in India 1899/1900
Organisation of working of railways in time of war 1902/1904
Report on monorail tramway at Jubblepore 1903
Report of committee on material and organisation of light military Railways 1904
List of coal mines worked under the 1909 Indian Mines act 1911
List of other than coal mines worked under the 1909 Indian Mines act 1911
List of factories and other large industries in India 1913
History of railways constructed 1920

Correspondence (incl. Official letters and telegrams)

Formation of military railway corps for frontier railways 1885
Correspondence regarding construction of certain railways of a strategic character on the North Western frontier 1885/89
Military Railway Service Corps - armament of Army ? necessary to enable ? to carry out scheme 1888/89/90
Military Railway Service Corps -  legislation difficulties regarding consequent abandonment of scheme 1890/92
Public Works Department (Railways) various references 1889
North Western Frontier Railway estimates for defence of the frontier - memo by Sir E Collin 1898/99
Military Light Railways (Railway department correspondence) 1899
Formation of a Railway Corps of Sappers & Miners- a ? company sanctioned 1902/1904/1909
Enlistment of Indian Railway employees for service on military railways in time of war 1902/1904
Railway construction Kohat Thal 1908
Bombay-Sind Railway construction 1909

Other India Office Library records

Archives of Lance Corporal Howgego, 1/25th London Regiment, India 1916-1919

Locomotive builder works records

Companies marked * are in published form, those marked @ are from correspondence with others. All others are from primary 

AB, AE, AEG, Bg *, BH *, BP, CE, Dubs, EE, FH *, GB *, HC *, HE, Jenb @, JF, Keef @, Krupp, KS *, L *, MR @, N,  
NB, OK *,  P *,  RH, S *, SAN, SS, VF, WB *, Wkm @, YE