Locomotives: Preserved locos, Names, Miscellaneous

Plinthed and Preserved locos

Q. Where can I find plinthed or preserved locos in India?

Some information is provided below. Also see the locomotive lists which detail steam survivors in south Asia, preserved locos in Sri Lanka, etc., and also the industrial loco list which has information on many preserved locomotives in India and other south Asian countries. The page on steam locomotives and the current steam page have some more information.

Note: In the lists below, "[NA]" indicates a locomotive that is not (readily) accessible to the public.

WP locomotives

There are 7 WP's preserved in India; all are in good enough condition to allow steaming; two (7015 and 7161) have gone on trial runs recently [2/00] after being refitted for air brakes and being overhauled at Charbagh Workshops.

  • The National Rail Museum has a WP/P (Baldwin prototype for WP class), #7200.
  • The NRM also has WP's 7015 and 7161 which have been steamed recently [2/00, 4/02] and are in good working condition.
  • The Jhansi Institute has a WP (#7656 (7056?).
  • The Charbagh Workshops have a WP (#7278).
  • The Sonpur DRM's office has a WP (#7581F).
  • Bhusawal Station has preserved a WP loco (#7000).

The railway museums at New Delhi and Mysore have quite a few preserved locos. Partial listings are given below. For a complete list of exhibits at the NRM, refer to the related web pages listed under the section on museums.

[2000] At Dapodi, near Pune, there is a sort of open-air loco museum, where the CME and staff have arranged for the preservation of a couple of steam locomotives, a steam crane, various other stationary and mobile steam engines, and other miscellaneous exhibits of machinery and also some defence-related items such as a Patton tank, a World War 2 era bridge layer, etc.

National Railway Museum

The following are all Broad Gauge

  • Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway A-48 4-6-0 Dubs & Co 2787/1891
  • Indian Branch Railway Ramgotty 0-4-0T Anjubault of Paris 1862
  • Oudh and Rohilkund Railway B-26 0-6-0 Sharp Stewart of Manchester 2018/1870
  • North Western Railway ST-707 0-6-2T NBL 1904
  • North Western Railway HG/C-1598 2-8-0 Vulcan Foundry 2461/1909
  • EIR XT/1-36863 0-4-2T Krupp 1538/1935
  • GIPR EM-922 4-4-0 NBL 17780/1907
  • SIR 11-PT 2-6-4T RS 4118/1936
  • NWR XG/M-911 2-8-2 BP 6505/1928
  • EIR Phoenix 1354 0-4-0WT Nasmyth-Wilson 798/1907
  • BNR N 815 4-8-0+0-8-4 BP 6594/1930. (Numbers suspect: BP 6588 was #815, BP 6594 was #921.)
  • GIPR Crane Tank 3 0-6-0T HL 3538/1923
  • GIPR EA-1-4006 Sir Roger Lumley 1-A-A-A-2 SLM/MetVick 1930
  • GIPR EF/1-20027 Sir Leslie Wilson C-C MetVick
  • BBCI EMU-35b Bo-Bo Cammel Laird 1928
  • GIPR 22907-AWE 2-8-2 Baldwin 69703/1943
  • HPS2-24467 4-6-0 Vulcan Foundry 1950
  • Sindhri Fertilisers 0-4-0 Fireless Henschell 25630/1953
  • GIPR WP/P-7200 4-6-2 Baldwin 73408/1947

The following are all Meter Gauge

  • SIR (Nilgiri rack Line) X-37385 0-8-2T SLM 1920
  • Jodphur Railway 31412/HP 4-6-2 Baldwin 1948
  • BNWR YB/2-429 4-6-2 Nasmyth-Wilson 1613/1935
  • Jaipur State Railway TJ-643 0-6-0T WB 2646/1942
  • Rajputana Malwa Railway F-734 0-6-0 Ajmer Workshops 1895
  • Rajputana Railway (Jodhpur Rly.) E-207 0-4-2ST Dubs 1175/1878
  • Southern Mahratta Railway FMA-37302 0-6-0 Dubs 2373/1888
  • BBCI M2-162 4-4-0 Ajmer Workshops 1923/24
  • SIR YCG-1 21900 Bo-Bo HL/EE 1930
  • Gondal State Railway 1004 0-6-0 Fowler Diesel 4200031/1949
  • Rajputana Malwa Railway P-31652 4-6-0 Ajmer Workshops 171/1922/3

The following are all 2' 6" gauge

  • Decauville Railway on North West frontier 2-4-2ST WB 507/1902
  • Kalka Simla Railway KS12 Petrol engined railcar Wickhams of Ware 1931
  • Bankura Damodar River Light Railway Sentinel BDR-8 6W Sentinel 8135/1929
  • Kalka Simla Railway Railcar no 14 diesel electric Armstrong Whitworth 1933
  • Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway Wt-594 0-6-4T WB/1925
  • BNR RD-688 2-6-2 Nasmyth-Wilson 1929
  • Betty Tramways Rajkot, 0-4-0 Fowler diesel 390014
  • Karachi Port Trust MTR-2 0-4-2T Dick Kerr 1910
  • NWR 2-6-2T ZF-107 Henschell 22589/1934
  • EIR CS-775 2-4-0T WB 1927

The following are all 2' 0" gauge

trivia.html
  • DHR B-777 0-4-0ST Sharp Stewart Glasgow 3517/1889
  • Matheran Light Railway MLR-738 0-6-0T O&K 2342/1907
  • Ledo Coal Mines A/885 0-4-2ST WB 1897
  • Matheran Light Railway Railcar No 899 Grashame/1932
  • Patiala State Monorail 0-3-0 O&K 1907

Mysore Railway Museum

The following are MG

  • Mysore Steel Works ? E37244 4-4-4T NBL 22782/1920
  • TS 37338 2-6-2T WB (Bagnall) 2432/1932

The following are Narrow gauge

  • NWR E119 2-4-2T WB 1625/1900 (2'6" gauge)
  • ES 506 4-6-2, KS 4237/1922
  • An Austin car converted to run on rails.

Plinthed and preserved locos at other locations

  • Two 2'6" gauge 2-8-2 Nasmyth & Co 'F' class locos (+ tenders) outside the Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering (IRICEN) which itself is in the Pune station complex. These were used on the Barsi Light Railway between Kurduwadi and Latur.
  • A plinthed loco (class G) built by Hunslet Engine Co. in 1949, serial 3669 in the same complex. It was introduced in 1923 on the Kurduwadi - Pandharpur section of the Barsi Light Railway. It was transferred to the Murtajapur - Yewatmal section in 1983. It was finally retired 13th April 1994.
  • Two more such locos are in storage behind the WDS 4 trip shed in the Up yard of Pune Jn.
  • An MTR NG engine at the NR headquarters, Delhi. [NA]
  • A 'B' class 0-4-0 2' NG engine (799 NBL 23292/1925) of the DHR outside the Rail Bhavan (IR Headquarters) in Delhi. [NA]
  • A 'B' class 0-4-0 2' NG loco of the DHR at the National Rail Museum.
  • A 'B' class 0-4-0 2' NG loco of the DHR at the DCME's office, New Bongaigaon.
  • KC 520, formerly of Kalka, was plinthed at the lawns of the DRM's office at Ambala (1km south of Ambala Cantt.) This was the last steam loco used on the Kalka-Shimla railway for steam specials until the 1970s. [7/01] This has now been renovated and is slated to run on the Kalka-Simla route again.
  • PL 692 at Puri, badly repainted
  • PL 697 (misnumbered as 997 on a replacement plate) at Bangalore, also badly repainted.
  • An NG engine outside Rail Nilayam -- SC headquarters at Secunderabad [NA]
  • A YCG/1 MG electric (21901) outside the MG EMU car shed at Tambaram in Madras [NA]
  • A P-38811 (BP 6594) 4-8-2+2-8-4 Garratt at the Kharagpur loco shed. (Some reports say it is an N class 4-8-0+0-8-4 loco. [NA]
  • An MLR 0-6-0T (O&K, ISR #741) on the hilltop at Matheran station.
  • A Baldwin tank engine at the Bhadravati Steel Works HQ [NA]
  • Fairy Queen's sister loco, the 'Express' at Jamalpur workshop [NA]
  • A NG engine from the SE outside Bangalore City station.
  • An FMA class 0-6-0 mg engine at the Visweswaraya Industrial Museum in Bangalore (FM-A 037311). This is an FM that was rebuilt as an FM-A with enhanced coal capacity.
  • An FM class 0-6-0 mg engine at the National Rail Museum in New Delhi (FM 37302). (Some reports that this is also a rebuilt FM-A.)
  • An MG 2-6-4T loco (563K of BB&CI, built by Kerr Stuart in 1929) at Bombay Central (was used on the Dabhoi network).
  • A 2' NG 4-6-2 ("class C") steamer from the Kishanganj branch of the DHR (built by North British, 1914), and a WCP/1 electric along with a horse drawn tram and a 1907 electric tram at the Nehru Science Centre in Bombay
  • The other 2' NG 4-6-2 C-class steam loco from the Kishanganj branch of the DHR (also built in 1914 by North British) is preserved at the NEFR headquarters at Maligaon. (It used to be at the Tata Institute in Bombay.)
  • A type 'T' tramway loco (#603, 4-8-0, built by WB, 1935, makers #2538)from Morvi, #4 of Saurashtra Railway, is plinthed outside the Western Railways office at Pratapnagar.
  • The first loco (F-1) made in Ajmer Loco shop is at the National Rail Museum in New Delhi.
  • There is a steam loco and a diesel loco on display at DLW plant in Varanasi. The steam is "Hercules" (0-4-0) and the diesel is "Mahalaxmi", a GE 45 Ton. They also planned to save a couple of the YDM-3/ YDM-5 (of the 3 that were left in Sabarmati).
  • A CS 776 steam loco is plinthed at the Jamalpur Gymkhana; although some reports say it has been moved to DLW, Varanasi. ??
  • DLW at Varanasi also has one of the GE diesels supplied by USATC in 1944.
  • An MLR 0-6-0T (O&K, ISR #739) is plinthed in the Parel Loco Shed.
  • Howrah Jn has an NG loco (AK 16) between the circulating area and the ferry wharf. This is probably from the old Howrah-Amta Light Railway.
  • Mumbai VT had a Neral-Matheran Orenstein & Koppel loco (different from the one at Matheran). (Still there??)
  • Bhusawal loco shed has a WG loco (#10523).
  • Bhusawal loco shed also has two B/1 locos: Nos. 766 and 768.
  • Outside the Jaipur station is OJ 641, a 4-4-0 WB 1943 MG loco.
  • Outside the Jhansi station is ZE #29, built by Krauss Munich (17813) in 1952. (Earlier reports suggested builder's info KS 4403/1928 which seems unlikely.) This is a 2'6" NG loco.
  • ZE #18, ex-SER, built in 1951 by Corpet Louvet, La Corneuve, is plinthed just outside Purulia station. This used to haul NG passenger trains on the Purulia-Ranchi-Lohardaga route.
  • Jabalpur has a ZE plinthed in the eastern entrance to the station complex.
  • Daund has a ZE plinthed in the railway training institute.
  • Thermax Limited (a private company in Pune) has an ex-army Hudswell Clark loco 'Reunion Mail' which they rescued from a scrap yard in Pune. The loco is plinthed in their headquarters minus the steam dome and sporting a dazzling blue paint. It is a 0-4-0WT built in 1919, builder's number 1336.
  • A N-38815 (BP 6594) 4-8-0+0-8-4 Garratt at the National Rail Museum, New Delhi.
  • An X class loco (#37390) of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is plinthed just outside the Coonoor railway station.
  • The National Rail Museum has one of the MG diesel-mechanical locos supplied by Fowler in 1949 and used in Saurashtra.
  • A NG steam loco from the Bengal Nagpur Rly. is plinthed at the CR/SER Divisional HQ near the Nagpur station. Class? Serial number is 615.
  • A ZE loco is plinthed at the Motibagh Narrow Gauge Workshop at Nagpur.
  • A GX-32086 (BP 7144) 4-8-2+2-8-4 MG Garratt at the Guwahati steam shed [NA]
  • YP 2616 is plinthed outside the NER DRM's office at Lucknow station (the NER station, Ashok Road).
  • YP 2508 is plinthed at Kacheguda railway station.
  • YP 2805 (built by TELCO, Jamshedpur, 1968), ex-Ratlam and ex-Rajkot divisions of WR, is plinthed at Patna. This loco was working until the end of the Wankaner-Morbi steam services.
  • A 'B' class tank loco, #800, of the DHR is plinthed at the NR Lucknow Jn. station (in a park opposite the portico).
  • Another 'B' class, #785, is plinthed at Dehradun station.
  • And yet another 'B' class, #803, is plinthed at Moradabad.
  • A ZE (#55??) is plinthed in front of the RDSO premises (Lucknow).
  • A 0-6-2T Bagnall NG (2'6") loco built in 1923, bearing plate number 585W and formerly of the Billimora Loco Shed, is currently [1/00] at the Bandra diesel shed and due to be plinthed at the Churchgate WR headquarters. This loco used to ply the Billimora-Waghai route of the Gaekwar's Baroda State Rly.
  • "Baby Sivok", a 0-4-0 DHR loco was plinthed at Siliguri Jn. for many years, but is now [2/00] reported as undergoing restoration work.
  • CS 774 (Bagnall?) at ER headquarters, Fairlie Place, Calcutta.
  • A Central Railway YP(?) loco at the offices of Suri and Nayar at Whitefield, near Bangalore.
  • One condemned YAM-1 loco is said to be [1/05] with the Chittaranjan Loco Works. It is not clear if it is to be preserved.
  • NA 791, a 4-4-0 from the Gwalior Light Railways (original number 2A), the Maharaja's personal locomotive, used to be at the Gwalior palace grounds but is now in front of the Gwalior station. Kerr Stuart, 1895.
  • NH/2 750, a 2-8-2 from the Gwalior Light Railways (Kerr Stuart, 1922), is on the porch of the Area Manager's Office at Gwalior.
  • Some YPs and YGs are at Wankaner but in deep disrepair and decay.
  • The Jai Vilas Palace at Gwalior has preserved Gwalior State Railcars (Wickhams, Rolls-Royce).
  • An NG loco, (most likely ZB 73) is said to have been refurbished and given to the Patna botanical gardens. This loco is probably steamable, having been overhauled at Pratapnagar in 1991.
  • The Calcutta Science Museum is said to have some exhibits of locomotives and preserved rolling stock.
  • And finally: A full-scale replica of the Fairy Queen at Vijayawada

Other Countries

J. Rainbow's list of preserved locos of the Ceylon Govt. Railways and Geoff Coward's list of steam survivors in India as well as in Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar, and in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal may be of interest.

Locomotives transferred or exported outside India

Q. Where can I find locomotives from India that have been preserved or restored outside India?

This section does not cover commercial exports of locomotives by IR; see the next section for those.

During the World Wars, many Indian locomotives were transferred to the middle East, Africa, and elsewhere to support British military efforts. Most of these locomotives of course do not survive now and may be difficult to trace. Details of these wartime transfers are found in works such as 'Middle East Railways' by Hugh Hughes as well as railway periodicals of the time. This section does not deal with those, nor with the many Indian locos that have been exported to other countries as part of commercial deals by IR, IRCON, CLW or DLW, etc. (including renovated and new locos). Other than all of these only a few Indian locomotives have been transferred to other countries.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway 19B — One of the most well known Indian locos outside India is a 'B' class tank, #19, of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway which was sent to Chicago, USA, in 1961 after purchase by a private party, and later was for many years at the Hesston Steam Museum in Indiana (USA). It is believed to have been running during most of this time. In the early 1990s or so, it was reported not in running condition, following some boiler defects and other problems that could not been fixed for lack of funding. Most unfortunately, it was further damaged during the collapse of the shed where it was stored. In late 2002 the museum sold the locomotive to a Briton and it was moved to the Tyseley Locomotive Works of the Birmingham Railway Museum by January 2003. Some photos here. It underwent restoration work there.

Matheran Light Railway 740 — Loco number 740 of the Matheran Light Railway was sent to the Leighton Buzzard Railway where it has been renovated in 2001 and is now running regularly there. This is a 0-6-0T side-tank locomotive built by Orenstein and Koppel (Berlin, Germany) in 1907 (works number 2343). An unusual feature of this and other locos of the MLR are radial steering axles that allow the negotiation of sharp curves.

'Rishra' — A 0-4-0T side-tank locomotive now named 'Rishra', the only known survivor of a rare batch of locomotives from Baguley, is now at the Leighton Buzzard Railway. Baguley Cars, Burton-on-Trent, England, were better known for their railcars and diesel locomotives. Built in 1921 with works number 2007, the loco was used by the Calcutta Corporation shunting coal wagons at a water pumping station in Barrackpore for many years, and then apparently abandoned.

It was rescued from its site of abandonment from under overgrown vegetation in 1963 through the efforts of Mike Satow, then a senior executive at ICI, India, and who later went on to play a pivotal role in the establishment of the National Railway Museum in New Delhi. (Mr Satow also later became the president of the Leighton Buzzard Railway.)

'Rishra' was restored to working order at the Hooghly Docking and Engineering Company, Rishra, Calcutta (and ICI subsidiary) and then shipped overseas to England in 1971. It commenced operations at Leighton Buzzard Railway in 1972. After working for some years, it developed some problems and its boiler was condemned. Recently [2001] volunteers have raised money and built a new boiler for it and renovated it. It is said to be steaming regularly now.

Baldwin WDLR 778 — Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia, USA, built 495 locomotives for the US War Department Light Railways (WDLR), for use in transporting men and materiel in the battlefields of the First World War in France and Belgium. WDLR No. 778 was a 4-6-0T tank locomotive, built in 1917. After the war was over, it was one of fifty such wartime locomotives that were exported from the battlefields of Europe to the North Western Railway in India. There, it was re-numbered No. 16 by the NWR.

Later, the locomotive was transferred to the Daraula Light Railway, and much later tot he Upper India Sugar Mills in Khatauli, Uttar Pradesh, where it finished its working life in 1983. The locomotive was rescued and sent to the Leighton Buzzard Railway, UK, and a charity, the Greensand Railway Museum Trust, raised money for its renovation.

Other — A couple of YP locomotives have been bought by private groups in the USA. A narrow-gauge locomotive from Katwa was sent to the UK a few years ago (late 1990s). Two YP 4-6-2 locos were bought by a private businessman and sent to Togo, however they have apparently not been used since they were moved there.

India-Pakistan Hostilities In 1969, one WDM-2 locomotive of Indian Railways was appropriated by Pakistan and incorporated into Pakistan Railway's fleet. The circumstances of the appropriation remain somewhat mysterious, and in particular the road number of the locomotive assigned by IR has not been determined, although it is thought to be from a batch erected by DLW in 1965. PR initially assigned it a road number of 3770, but it was later renumbered to 4621 to fit into the ALU26 loco series since the WDM-2 is an Alco DL-560 model. As late as 2000, the loco is said to have been active and based at Rawalpindi shed.

Another instance of such a locomotive 'transfer' because of hostilities between India and Pakistan is that of a locomotive that arrived at Howrah from the then East Pakistan in 1971 just as the war between India and Pakistan began. The loco was detained at Howrah and never went back even after the cessation of hostilities. It is said to be stationed at Bandel (not in use).

Need more information on other locos transferred out of India!

Q. Where can I find locomotives that have been exported from India by IR?

There are several locomotives that have been manufactured specifically for other countries, or rebuilt and then exported, sold/resold, or otherwise given to other national railways by Indian Railways, such as the many YDM-4's sold to Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Togo, etc. Many of these are in active use on those railways. However, it is often hard to get accurate information on locomotive numbers and their current disposition.

Mick Pope posted the following to the IRFCA mailing list in July 2008:

The Summer 2008 edition of the Continental Railway Journal contains the following news reports of exported YDM-4 and other stock which may be of interest to IRFCA members.

Mali - noted December 2007. YDM-4 6370 carrying plate 'Refurbished at Central Workshops Goldenrock Indian Railways Oct 2006' hauling 10 2nd class coaches with plates 'Built at RCF Kapurthala 2006'. Paint scheme dark and light blue [I assume they had plenty of those colours handy!]. Loco and stock work Bamako to Kayes. The stock and loco are linked tp tradsitional stock by a special wagon with central coupling at one end and a double buffer at the other.

It is also reported that another 4 locos plus 28 coaches have arrived at Dakar in Senegal for use between Bamako and Dakar. It is said that the locos are not YDM-4s but new locos with 12c cylinder V engines rated at 2300hp.

Senegal - At least 5 YDM-4 in service numbered in CC1501 series. Coaching stock is also from India in a blue and grey scheme.

Tanzania - 10 YDM-4, classed 73R in Tanzania, haul the majority of trains west from Tabora to Mwanza, Kigoma and Mpanda. Locos are maintained by RITES under contract with expatriate Indian staff. Locos are reported to be very reliable - 9 of 10 in service. 23 second hand coaches on order from India.

Togo - YDM-4 in dark and light blue colour scheme numbere CC 1201to 1209 but also carry their original IR numbers. Numbers noted are 6544,6652,6541,6631,6585 and 6548.

Angola - Indian built [Chennai] DMUs, 15 in all now in service [arrived January 2008]. Two sets of 6 for passenger service and 3 forming a self-propelled accident relief train.

Named Locomotives

In the 19th century and early this century, named locomotives were quite common. Many were named after administrators ("Lord Clive") or nobility ("Prince Albert"), or mythical figures ("Hercules"). Indian names were also included ("Tungabhadra", "Shakuntala"), and some whimsical ones as well ("Moth", "Ant", "Jimpeebuttee", "Perleewerlee").

Some notable names of older locomotives are given below:

  • Thomason The first locomotive ever to be used in India (1851).
  • Falkland The second locomotive to be used in India (1852).
  • Sahib, Sultan, Sindh The three locos used to haul the first passenger train in India (1853).
  • Fairy Queen A steam locomotive from 1855 which is still working (!!), hauling a tourist train in Rajasthan now. Supposed to be one of the oldest working locomotives in the world. (A loco in the USA and another in Austria are in working order and older than the Fairy Queen; after the Fairy Queen come a couple of locos in the UK which amed after an an Indian, Ramgotty Mukherjee, the then railway manager of the Naihati Area. The loco, dating to 1862, is from Anjubault (France) (rare in India), a 4' loco regauged to 5'6" (possibly the only loco so regauged). It had many interesting features including wooden brakes.
  • Sir Roger Lumley Last GIPR passenger electric loco (EA-1, later WCP-1).
  • Sir Leslie Wilson First GIPR goods electric loco (EF-1, later WCG-1), built in 1928.
  • Lord Irwin First of the XB class.

Comparatively few locomotives in post-independence India had or have names, except for WP's, which were often given names and had a name-board with the name in Hindi or English just above the buffers at the front (Mayur, Sanjay, Pavanputra, Raah-e-Watan, Vivekananda, etc. These names were sometimes rather temporary and were withdrawn or replaced at the whim of railway staff. Even so, the vast majority of locos were nameless, and today the same situation continues, with names being few and far between.

Some notable names of more recent locos are given below.

Steam Locos

  • New India A WL loco of the BNR that was given streamlined aluminium sheathing and used to haul the Silver Arrow, the "Train of the Future", a concept train, in 1947 during a government exhibition on the railways. This concept train was to have had 11'8" wide stock.
  • Deshbandhu First indigenously-built WG #8401 (1950); also a WDM-2, see below.
  • Vivekananda First indigenously-built WP #7060 (1963).
  • Sher-e-Punjab WL #15005, used for the the last regularly scheduled BG steam run.
  • Chittaranjan First WT designed and built by CLW (1959).
  • Pavandoot KC class No. 520 of the Kalka-Shimla Railway, restored and renamed (Aug. 2001).
  • Antim Sitara ('The Last Star') The last WG, #10560, built in India (1970).
  • Himrathi First oil-fired loco for DHR built by Golden Rock Workshops
  • Himanand Second oil-fired loco for DHR built by Golden Rock Workshops
  • Rupalim YP #2073 (NFR)
  • Bahnishikha YP #2078 (NFR)
  • Chitralekha YP #2086 (NFR)
  • Lakhimi YP #2087 (NFR)
  • Rudrasingha YP #2091 (NFR)
  • Sandhya YP #2107 (NFR)
  • Shaktishel YP #2112 (NFR)
  • Sulikfa YP #2116 (NFR)
  • Arundhrati YP #2120 (NFR)
  • Indira YP #2123 (NFR)
  • Anuradha YP #2124 (NFR)
  • Urmila YP #2127 (NFR)
  • Lachit YP #2128 (NFR)
  • Prabahini YP #2129 (NFR)
  • Sakha YP #2137 (NFR)
  • Sharali YP #2139 (NFR)
  • Jaya YP #2140 (NFR)
  • Sukafa YP #2152 (NFR)
  • Pushparath YP #2161 (NFR)
  • Jahnavi YP #2169 (NFR)
  • Mausumi YP #2170 (NFR)
  • Menaka YP #2175 (NFR)
  • Eagle YP #2374 (NFR)
  • Soitali YP #2389 (NFR)
  • Pratidhvani YP #2428 (NFR)
  • Indradhanu YP #2531 (NFR)
  • Bihanga YP #2615 (NFR)
  • Mriganka YP #2618 (NFR)
  • Bohagi YP #2619 (NFR)
  • Bardoichila YP #2620 (NFR)
  • Sonpahi YP #2624 (NFR)
  • Papari YP #2639 (NFR)
  • Gadapani YP #2648 (NFR)
  • Aparajita YP #2651 (NFR)
  • Devajani YP #2652 (NFR)
  • Mayurpakhi YP #2653 (NFR)
  • Aniruddha YP #2666 (NFR)
  • Diganta YP #2670 (NFR)
  • Papari YP #2679 (NFR)
  • Pawan-Nandan YP #2651 (NFR)
  • Asomi YP #2752 (NFR)
  • Chandrajyoti YP #2763 (NFR)
  • Chandika YP #2777 (NFR)
  • Manihaar YP, number not known (NFR)
  • Kabira YP, number not known (NFR)

DC and AC-DC Locos

  • Pallava King First YAM-1.
  • Bluebird Unofficial name for the WCM-2 loco (#20188) which for long hauled the Deccan Queen (with matching livery). This loco was involved in a collision between the Udyan Exp. and a freight train, and did not carry its name plate after being rebuilt.
  • Lokmanya First indigenously designed and built electric loco (a WCM-5, #20083) (1961).
  • Karamvir The first WCM-6 (Sep. 14, 1996)
  • Vallabh First dual-power electric from CLW (a WCAM-1, #21800) (1975).
  • Balwant First dual-power electric from BHEL (a WCAM-2, #21861) (1994); also the generic name for WCAM-2 locos.

AC Locos - WAM and WAG classes

  • Jagjivan Ram First WAM-1 (1959)
  • Satyajit A WAM-1 (number unknown) at Sealdah
  • Anant Last WAM-4 #21399
  • Bidhan First indigenously-built AC electric loco, a WAG-1, #20710 (1963).
  • Basanti WAG-5 #23122 (Bhilai)
  • Kirtiman WAG-5 #23456 (note consecutive digits!)
  • Nouvion Dual-braked WAG-5A #23141 (1986), after Fernand Nouvion, pioneer of 25kV AC traction (SNCF).
  • Janmashati WAG-5B #23356 (Asansol), the 100th from CLW in 1989 (Mar. 31).
  • Kirtiman A WAG-5B, the 105th from CLW in 1990 (Mar. 31).
  • Krishnaveni WAG-5E #23989
  • Gajraj Appears to be a generic name applied to many WAG-7 locos. Confusingly, also used for WDM-2C locos.
  • Swarnabha (Swarna Abbha?) IR's 2500th electric loco (a WAG-7, #27371) (April 29, 1998).
  • Shantidan First WAG-7, #27001 (March 29, 1992) (christened by Mother Teresa).
  • Ekta A WAG-7, the 125th from CLW in 1993 (Apr. 6).
  • Samarpan A WAG-7 (#??) (1998)
  • Samrat A WAG-7 (#27455) (2004?) New design WAG-7.
  • Prayas WAG-7 #27512 of NCR, modified by Kanpur shed, with a silver livery
  • Agrasar First WAG-7H, upgraded version of WAG-7 (1995).
  • Navyug First indigenously-built WAG-9, #31022 (Nov. 1998).
  • Navjyoti Second indigenously-built WAG-9, #31023 (1999).
  • Navdisha WAG-9 #31024 (1999).
  • Navshakti First (and only) WAG-9H, #31030 (June 30, 2000)
  • Navasha WAG-9 (number?), 2001.
  • Navoday WAG-9 #31033
  • Nav Ghan Shakti A WAG-9 loco (number?) (2003)
  • Navashatak WAG-9 #31100
  • Nav Pragati (Navapragati) WAG-9 #31123

AC Locos - WAP classes

  • Pragatisheel A high-speed variant of the WAP-1 with Hitachi traction motors (August 23, 1996).
  • Baba Saheb (Babasaheb) WAP-1 #22021 (Ghaziabad), the 110th from CLW in 1991 (Mar. 31).
  • Sukanya WAP-1 #22017. 1991, International Year of the Girl Child.
  • Shaktiman A WAP-1, the 115th loco of 1992 from CLW, March 28. At times it has been said that this is also the generic model name for WDG-2 locos, but this appears to be a confusion with Shakti (see below under diesels).
  • Aastha The 135th loco of 1996 from CLW (and the last WAP-1), a WAP-1E, #22076 (Apr. 11). GZB.
  • Abhinav The 136th loco of 1996 from CLW (Apr. 11).
  • Rajhans WAP-1 #22006 (Ghaziabad); also a WAP-4 (see below).
  • Vidyasagar WAP-1 #22058. GZB.
  • Jawahar First WAP-3, #22005 (1987).
  • Loha Purush WAP-4 #22333 of WR (Vadodara).
  • Swarnanjali WAP-4 #22242 (Howrah).
  • Sahayatri WAP-4 #22286 (Mughalsarai, later at Howrah).
  • Chetak WAP-4 #22382 (Vadodara).
  • Rajhans WAP-4 #22540 (Vadodara); also a WAP-1, see above.
  • Yugantar WAP-4 #22591 of NCR (Kanpur)
  • Navodit First indigenously-built WAP-5 (#30011) (2000).
  • Navakriti Second indigenously-built WAP-5 (#30013) (2000).
  • Navajagaran Third indigenously-built WAP-5 (#30012) (2001). (Numbers are out of sequence? The second one was 30013!)
  • Ashok The first WAP-4, #22061 (Jhansi) (August 27, 1994)
  • Swarnanjali A WAP-4, 165th of the year (#22242) (March 30, 1998). MGS, later at HWH.
  • Gaurav First WAP-6 loco (1997). (?? Some uncertainty – is this instead a WAP-5 from 1995?)
  • Navkiran WAP-7 #30201 (first of class)
  • Navbharati WAP-7 #30202 (second of class)
  • Nav Chetak A WAP-7 loco (number?) (2003)
  • Navagati WAP-7 #30215 (2004) at Ghaziabad

Diesel Locos

  • Indraprastha First diesel (a WDS-4, #19057) from CLW (1968).
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri First locomotive assembled by DLW (1964).
  • Hubli First MG diesel-electric from DLW (1962?).
  • Chinkara First NDM-5 (1987).
  • Maverick NDM-6 #604 at DHR.
  • Buccaneer NDM-6 #605 at DHR.
  • Viram The last (?) BG diesel shunter from CLW (1993).
  • Eti The last (?) NG diesel shunter from CLW (1993).
  • Gajraj WDM-2C #14001 (first of its class) and also the generic model name for the WDM-2C locos, also for many WAG-7 units.
  • Concorde A WDM-2C (number unknown) of Andal shed (2001)
  • Sunayani A WDM-2 (number unknown) of Andal shed (2001)
  • Protap A WDM-2 (number unknown) of Andal shed (2001)
  • Sexy Eyes A WDM-2 (number unknown) of Andal shed (2001)
  • Deshbandhu WDM-2 #17279 of Andal shed; also a steam loco, the first WG -- see above.
  • Prabal A WDM-2 (#16782) of Lucknow shed, modified by DCW to 3300hp (2004); used as a generic name for many diesels at Lucknow, and perhaps elsewhere, e.g., a WDM-2 in blue livery with white stripes spotted at Jaipur..
  • Veer WDM-3A, #18745R of Jhansi shed.
  • Shakti WDG-2 #14501, but also generic name for WDG-3A (ex-WDG-2) locos.
  • Cheetah WDG-3C (first of class?)
  • Chetak WDP-1 #15001 (first of its class), also generic name for the class on NR. (A WAP-4E from Tughlakabad also has this name, unofficially.)
  • Pushpak Name for WDP-2 #15007 (the first one at the TKD loco shed) and also the generic model name for WDP-2 locos there.
  • Baaz WDP-4 #20011 (India-built loco of this class, also used generically for the class)

Hugh Hughes' books provide the names of many dozens of earlier locomotives.

Locomotive Lights

Q. What sorts of lights do locomotives display?

Headlight — All IR locomotives have headlights. Usually this is a single centrally mounted light near roof level at each end, although some locos have it at mid-level. Some of the newer locos feature twin-beam headlight fixtures. The headlights can be dimmed if needed.

Steam locos had their headlights mounted in various positions; either with an bracket mounting on top of the smokebox, or sometimes in the centre of the smokebox face, or mounted just above the buffer beam.

Flasher — All recent locomotives also have a flasher lamp for use in emergencies or special circumstances. This is usually amber or yellow, and mounted close to (usually on the right side) of the headlight near roof level, or on the edge of the roof. Recently LED flashers have come into use.

Markers — Usually each end of the loco has two marker lights, one on either side just above the buffers in the front. Each marker has a switchable lens so it can have one of two colours -- red or white. Sometimes there are two lamps in each housing, one red and one white, instead. Normally the marker lamps are white in front (at the leading face of the loco). The rear marker lights are lit, and red in colour, when the loco is travelling light. This helps confirm that the loco is supposed to be travelling light and that there hasn't been a parting of its load. A marker lamp can also be switched to red in the front if there is greater danger of collision on that side. However, there is great variation in local practice at different sheds and stations. At some stations or yards locos can be found moving about with no marker lamps lit at all, and often the red or white lamps may not have any correlation to the direction of travel.

Shunting locos in yards often have one red and one white lamp on all the time at either end as they keep switching direction. Marker lights are not always lit especially in bright daylight conditions. Depending on the working rules for a particular section, marker lights may have to be on if the loco is light. As with flasher, there is a trend towards replacement of incandescent bulbs by LEDs.

EMUs and DMUs usually do not have marker lights. The newer models have a parking lamp mounted in the same housing as the headlight, or adjacent to it, which remains lit when the EMU/DMU is not in motion. The route indicator ("K" for Kalyan, for instance) found between the windshields also remains lit when the EMU/DMU is not in motion. EMU/DMU cars also have one or more large red tail lamps; often flashing (two flashing, one steady, etc.).

India never had any conventions regarding the use of marker lights to identify the type of loco and the kind of load it was hauling as was common in Great Britain. However, steam locos working tender foremost often had two white marker lights, one vertically above the other, on the tender.


Also see the section on general locomotive information.

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