The Pilot Guard System
(Extract from IR General Rules : Chapter 11)
11.01 Essentials of the Pilot Guard System.
Where trains are worked on the Pilot Guard System
(a) a railway servant (hereinafter called a Pilot Guard) shall
be specially deputed to pilot trains; and
(b) no train shall leave a station except under the personal
authority of the Pilot Guard.
11.02 Conditions to be observed for following trains on the Pilot
Trains shall not follow one another in the same direction
between stations, unless
(a) the Driver has been properly warned of the time of
departure of the preceeding train and of the place at which
it will next stop;
(b) all the trains are timed to run at the same speed, and
such speed shall not exceed 25 kilometres an hour except
under special instructions; and
(c) an interval of fifteen minutes has elapsed since the
departure of the preceding train.
11.03 Pilot Guard's dress or badge
The Pilot Guard shall be distinguished by a red dress or badge.
11.04 Pilot Guard to accompany train or give authority to proceed
(1) No train shall be started from a station unless the Driver
sees that it is accompanied by, or that the authority to
proceed is given personally by the Pilot Guard wearing the
dress or badge prescribed in Rule 11.03.
(2) The Pilot Guard shall accompany every train
Provided that when it is necessary to start two or more
trains from one end of the section before a train has to
be started from the other end, the Pilot Guard shall
accompany only the last of such trains, and shall
personally give the authority to proceed for the
(3) When accompanying a train, the Pilot Guard shall ride on
the foot-plate of the engine.
11.05 Pilot Guard's Tickets
(1) When the Pilot Guard does not accompany a train, he shall
deliver to the Guard (or, if there be no Guard, to the Driver)
a Pilot Guard's ticket on a printed form properly filled up and
signed in ink, as the authority to proceed.
(2) Every such ticket shall apply only to the single journey to
the to the station named on it.
(3) If the train is in charge of a Guard, he shall, before the
train is started, deliver the ticket to the Driver.
(4) Immediately on the arrival of the train, the Driver shall
deliver the ticket to the Station Master who shall at once
11.06 Protection of trains on the Pilot Guard System
In the event of a train, which is followed by another train,
stopping on the line between stations, the Guard and the Driver
shall take action to protect the train in accordance with the
provisions of Rule 10.09.