Working of trains generally
(Extract from IR General Rules : Chapter 4)
WORKING OF TRAINS GENERALLY
A. Timing and Running of Trains
4.01. Standard time
The working of trains between stations shall be regulated by
the standard time prescribed by the Government of India, which
shall be transmitted daily to all the principal stations of the
railway at 1600 hours in the manner prescribed.
4.02. Adherence to advertised time
No passenger train or mixed train shall be despatched from a
station before the advertised time.
4.03. Setting watch
Before a train starts from a terminal or crew-changing station,
the Guard shall set his watch by the station clock or the clock
at the authorised place of reporting for duty and communicate
the time to the Driver who shall set his watch accordingly.
4.04. Time of attendance for train crew
Every Guard, Driver, Assistant Driver or Fireman shall be in
attendance for duty at such place and at such time as maybe
prescribed by special instructions.
4.05. Proper running line
The Driver shall take his train along the proper running line.
4.06. Direction of running
(1) On a double line, every train shall run on the left hand
line unless otherwise prescribed by special instructions.
(2) If there are two or more parallel lines, the direction in
which trains are to run on each line shall be prescribed by
4.07. Supply of Working Time Table and Schedule of Standard
(1) A copy of the Working Time Table for the time being in
force shall be supplied to each station, Guard, Driver,
Inspector of Way or Works, and any other railway servant
requiring the use of the Working Time Table during the course
of his duties.
(2) A copy of the Working Time Table shall, on issue, be
supplied to the Commissioner of Railway Safety.
(3) A copy of the Schedule of Standard Dimensions for the time
being in force shall be supplied to each Inspector of Way or
Works and Train Examiner.
B. Speed of Trains
4.08. Limits of speed generally
(1) (a) Every train shall be run on each section of the railway
within the limits of speed sanctioned for that section by
approved special instructions.
(b) The sectional speed sanctioned and permanent speed
restrictions shall be shown in the Working Time Table.
(2) The Driver Shall:
(a) regulate and control the running of the train according
to the Working Time Table, so as to avoid either excessive
speed or loss of time, and
(b) not make up between any two stations more time than is
allowed in this behalf in the Working Time Table, and shall
also observe all speed restrictions.
(3) When it is necessary to indicate to the Driver where trains
are to run at a restricted speed or when trains have to come to
a stop due to the line being under repairs or due to any other
obstructions, action shall be taken as specified in Rule 15.09.
4.09. Caution Order
(1) Whenever, in consequence of the line being under repair or
for any other reason, special precaution are necessary, a
Caution Order detailing the kilometers between which such
precautions are necessary, the reasons for taking such
precautions, and the speed at which a train shall travel, shall
be handed over to the Driver at the stopping station
immediately short of the place where such precautions are
necessary, or at such other stations and in such manner, as
prescribed under special instructions.
(2) Sub-rule(1) does not apply in the case of long continued
repairs when fixed signals are provided at an adequate distance
short of such place and have been notified to the running staff
(3) The Caution Order referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be on
green paper, both faces being green , and be made out and
signed in full : Provided that as a temporary measure the
Caution Order may be on white paper with a green band running
diagonally across the form.
4.10 Limits of speed over facing points
(1) The speed of trains over non-interlocked facing points
shall not exceed 15 kilometers an hour in any circumstances,
and the speed over turn-outs and cross-overs shall not exceed
15 kilometers an hour unless otherwise prescribed by approved
special instructions, which may permit a higher speed.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-rule (1), a train may run
over interlocked facing points at such speed as may be
permitted by the standard of interlocking.
4.11. Limits of speed while running through stations
(1) No train shall run through an interlocked station at a
speed exceeding 50 kilometers an hour, or such less speed as
may be prescribed by approved special instructions unless the
line on which the train is to run has been isolated from all
other lines by the setting of points or other approved means,
and interlocking is such as to maintain this condition during
the passage of the train.
(2) In every case in which trains are permitted to run through
on a non-isolated line, all shunting shall be stopped and no
vehicle unattached to an engine or not properly secured in
accordance with Rule 5.23 may be kept standing on a connected
line which is not isolated from the through line.
4.12 Engine pushing
(1) No engine or self-propelled vehicle shall push any train
outside station limits except in accordance with special
instructions and at a speed not exceeding 25 kilometers an hour
Provided that this sub-rule shall not apply to an engine
assisting in rear of a train, which may be permitted under
approved special instructions to run without being coupled
to the train:
Provided further that no train which is not equipped with
continuous vacuum brake shall be pushed outside station
limits except in case of emergency.
Provided also that a "Patrol" or "Search-light" special
with one or more vehicle in front of the engine may be
permitted to run at a maximum speed of 40 kilometers an
(2) For movement of trains outside station limits with engine
pushing during night or in thick, foggy or tempestuous weather
impairing visibility or where otherwise prescribed by special
instructions, the leading vehicle of such trains shall be
equipped with the prescribed head light and marker lights
except in case of emergency.
(3) When trains are worked as described in sub-rules (1) and (2),
the engine pushing the load when it is the rearmost, or
the rearmost vehicle if any, shall carry a tail board or a tail
4.13. Limits of speed with engine tender foremost
(1) (a) A passenger train or a mixed train shall not be drawn
outside station limits by a steam engine running tender
(i) under a written order issued by the authorised
(ii) in a case of unavoidable necessity, to be
established by the Driver.
(b) When any such train is so drawn, the speed shall not exceed
25 kilometers an hour, or such higher speed, not exceeding 40
kilometers an hour, as may be authorised
(2) In case of unavoidable necessity, goods trains may run with
steam engines tender foremost at a speed not exceeding 25
kilometers an hour or such higher speed, which shall, in no
circumstances, exceed 40kilometers an hour, as may be laid down
by special instructions.
(3) When trains have to be worked with steam engines tender
foremost as a regular measure under sub-clause (i) of clause
(a) of sub-rule (1) and sub-rule (2), the head light and marker
lights as prescribed in Rule 4.14 shall be provided on the
C. Equipment of Trains and Train Crew
4.14. Head light and marker lights
(1) A train shall not be worked at night or in thick, foggy or
tempestuous weather impairing visibility or in long tunnels,
unless the engine carries an electric head light of an approved
design and, in addition, two oil or electric white marker
(2) An engine employed exclusively on shunting at stations and
yards shall, at night or during thick, foggy or tempestuous
weather impairing visibility, display such head lights as are
prescribed by the Railway Administration, and exhibit two red
marker lights in front and in rear.
(3) The electric head light on the engine shall be fitted with
a switch to dim the light and shall be dimmed
(a) when the train remains stationary at a station;
(b) when the train is approaching another train which is
running in opposite direction on double or multiple track
of same or different gauges; and
(c) on such other occasions as may be prescribed by
(4) In case the electric head light fails or a train has to be
worked with the engine running tender foremost in an emergency,
the engine shall display the two oil or electric white marker
lights referred to in sub-rule (1) pointing in the direction of
movement and the train shall run at a speed prescribed by
4.15. Tail and side lights
(1) At night or in thick, foggy or tempestuous weather
impairing visibility, no train shall be worked outside station
limits unless it has
(a) in the case of an engine with vehicles attached, save
in a case to which sub-rule (2) applies, at least one red
tail light, and two side lights showing red towards the
rear and white towards the engine
Provided that in case of emergency, provision of
side lights on goods trains may be dispensed with
under special instructions;
(b) in the case of a single engine without vehicles
attached at least one red trail light; and
(c) in the case of two or more engines coupled together
without vehicles attached, at least one red tail light
affixed to the rear engine.
(2) A colliery pilot, i.e., a train used for collecting or
distributing vehicles in colliery sidings, when working in a
block section or in the colliery sidings taking off from a
block section, need carry a red tail light only as it enters or
leaves the block station, at either end of such block section,
provided that special instructions are issued to ensure that no
other train is permitted to proceed into the block section
until the Guard of the colliery pilot has certified that he has
left no vehicle obstructing the block section in which he has
(3) When train may run in the same direction on parallel lines,
the side lights mentioned in clause (a) of sub-rule (1) may be
arranged in accordance with special instructions.
(4) When a train has been shunted for a following train to
pass, the tail and side lights mentioned in clause (a) of
sub-rule (1) shall be dealt with in accordance with special
(5) Within station limits or in a siding, an engine employed in
shunting shall have tail lights in accordance with special
4.16. Tail board or tail lamp
(1) In order to indicate to the staff that a train is complete,
the last vehicle shall, except as provided for in sub-rule (2),
be distinguished by affixing to the rear of it
(a) by day, a tail board of approved design or a red
painted tail lamp of approved design which may be unlit,
(b) by night, as well as in thick, foggy or tempestuous
weather impairing visibility during day, a red tail lamp
of approved design which shall be lit, or
(c) such other device as may be authorised by special
(2) A colliery pilot, i.e., a train used for collecting or
distributing vehicles in colliery sidings, when working in a
block section or in the colliery sidings taking off from a
block section, need carry a tail board or tail lamp, or such
other device as may be authorised by special instructions, only
as it enters or leaves the block station at either end of such
block section, provided that special instructions are issued to
ensure that no other train is permitted to proceed into the
block section until the Guard of the colliery pilot certifies
that he has left no vehicle obstructing the block section in
which he has been working.
(3) In emergencies only, and under special instructions in each
case, a red flag may be used in lieu of a tail board or an
unlit tail lamp.
4.17 Responsibility of Station Master regarding tail board or tail
lamp of passing trains
(1) The Station Master shall see that the last vehicle of every
train passing through his station is provided with a tail board
or tail lamp or such other device in accordance with the
provisions of Rule 4.16.
(2) If a train passes the station without such indication to
show that it is complete, the Station Master shall -
(a) immediately advise the station in advance to stop the train
to see that the defect is remedied and to advise whether or not
the train is complete.
(b) meanwhile withhold the closing of the block section to
ensure that no train is allowed to enter the block section from
the station in rear, and
(c) unless the station in advance has advised that the train is
complete, neither consider the block section in rear as clear
nor close it.
4.18. Means of communication
(1) No passenger train or mixed train shall be despatched from
any station, unless every passenger carriage is provided with
means by which communication can be made with the Guard or the
(2) Sub-rule (1) shall not apply to:
(a) passenger or mixed trains in case of complete or
partial failure of vacuum; and
(b) such particular trains as may be exempted under
approved special instructions.
(3) If a Railway Administration is satisfied that mischievous
use of the means of communication referred to in sub-rule (1)
is prevalent, it may, notwithstanding anything contained in
that sub-rule, direct the disconnection, for the time being, of
the means of communication provided in all or any of the
passenger carriages in any such train.
(4) A goods vehicle in which passengers are carried is not a
"passenger carriage" within the meaning of this rule.
4.19 Guard's and Driver's equipment
(1) Each Guard and Driver shall have with him, while on duty
with his train, the following equipment
(a) a copy of these rules or such portions thereof as
have been supplied to him under Rule 2.01.
(b) a copy of the Working Time Table, and all correction
slips and appendices, if any, in force on that section of
the railway over which the train is to run.
(c) a hand signal lamp,
(d) a whistle (for Guards only),
(e) a red flag and a green flag,
(f) a stock of detonators sufficient to comply with the
relevant rules as may be prescribed by special
(g) a first aid box (for Guards of passenger carrying
trains only), and
(h) such other articles as may be prescribed by the
Railway Administration in this behalf.
(2) If any Guard or Driver is not in possession of any article
mentioned or referred to in sub-rule (1), he shall report the
fact to his superior who shall make good the deficiency.
(3) Each Guard and Driver shall have with him while on duty
with his train, two pairs of such spectacles as he is required
to wear under medical advice.
Note: Each Guard and Driver should also be in possession of a
watch in addition to the equipment prescribed in sub-rule (1).
4.20 Manning of engine in motion
(1) Except when otherwise provided by special instructions, no
engine shall be allowed to be in motion on any running line
unless the Driver as also the Assistant Driver or the Fireman
are upon it.
(2) Subject to the provision of sub-rule (3), in no
circumstances shall a person other than the Driver or a railway
servant duly qualified in all respects, drive an engine on any
(3) If a Driver becomes incapacitated while the engine is in
motion, the Assistant Driver or the Fireman, if duly qualified,
may work the train to the next station cautiously and where the
Assistant Driver or the Fireman is not duly qualified, he shall
bring the train to a stop and send a message to the Station
master of the nearest station to make arrangements for a Driver
to take over the train, and for so doing he may take the
assistance of the Guard.
4.21. Driving an electric train
(1) In the case of electric trains, the Driver shall be in the
leading driving compartment when the train is in motion or when
the train is standing on any running line except as otherwise
prescribed in these rules.
(2) (a) In the case of a single or multiple unit train, if the
driving apparatus in the leading driving compartment becomes
defective, the trains shall be driven cautiously from the
nearest driving compartment which is serviceable; in this
event, the Guard shall travel in the leading driving
compartment and shall convey the necessary signals to the
Driver; the Guard shall also sound the horn or whistle as
necessary and apply the rake in case of emergency and shall be
responsible for stopping the train correctly at signals,
stations and obstructions.
(b) In the case of an electric engine, if the leading driving
compartment becomes defective, the train shall be driven from
the trailing driving compartment by the Assistant Driver if he
is duly qualified to drive; and the Driver shall remain in the
leading driving compartment, and shall be responsible for the
correct operation of the train.
4.22. Riding on engine or tender
(1) No person other than the engine crew shall be authorised to
ride on the engine or tender of a steam locomotive, except in
accordance with special instructions.
(2) Except as may be permitted by special instructions, no
person other than the engine crew shall be authorised to enter
any driving compartment of a single or multiple unit train or a
train propelled by electric, diesel or petrol engine.
(3) No unauthorized person shall manipulate any apparatus
(1) No train shall be allowed to enter a block section, unless
one or more brake-vans or hand braked vehicles are attached to
it, except in emergency or as provided for under special
(2) This rule does not apply to rail cars, light engine or
light engines coupled together.
4.24. Position of brake-van on train
Unless it be otherwise directed by special instructions, one
brake-van shall be attached to the rear of the train, provided
that reserved carriages or other vehicles may, under special
instructions, be placed in rear of such brake-van.
(1) Except under special instructions or in an emergency, every
running train shall be provided with one or more Guards.
(2) The Guard of a running train shall travel in his brake-van except:
(a) in an emergency, or
(b) under special instructions
(3) When a train is worked without a Guard, such of his duties
as can be performed by the Driver, shall devolve on him as may
be specified by special instructions.
No vehicle that is not fitted with a coupling or couplings of
approved pattern shall be attached to any train.
D. Vehicles and Cranes
(1) No travelling crane shall be attached to a train until it
has been certified by a duly authorised person that it is in
proper running order, and with a dummy truck for the jib, if
(2) When a crane is to work on any line provided with electric
traction or any line adjacent to it, the procedure and
precautions as laid down under special instructions shall also
4.28. Loading of vehicles
(1) No wagon or truck shall be so loaded as to exceed the
maximum gross load on the axle fixed under sub-section (3) of
section 53 of the Act, or such less load, if any, as may have
been prescribed by the Railway Administration.
(2) Except under approved special instructions no vehicles
shall be so loaded as to exceed the maximum moving dimension
prescribed from time to time by the Railway Board.
(3) When a load in a truck projects to an unsafe extent beyond
the end of a truck, an additional truck shall be attached to
act as a dummy.
(4) The Guard shall, unless this duty is by special
instructions imposed on some other railway servant, carefully
examine the load of any open truck which may be attached to the
train, and if any such load has shifted or requires adjustment,
shall have the load made secure or the truck removed from the
4.29. Damaged or defective vehicles
(1) No vehicle which has been derailed shall run between
stations, until it has been examined and passed by a competent
Train Examiner: Provided that in case of a derailment between
stations, the Driver may, if the vehicle has been re-railed and
if he considers it safe to do so, take such vehicle to the next
station at a slow speed.
(2) If a Guard or Station Master has reason to apprehend danger
from the condition of any vehicle on a train before it can be
inspected by a Train Examiner, the Driver shall be consulted,
and if he so requires, the vehicle shall be detached from the
E. Precautions before Starting Train
4.30 Driver and Guard to examine notices before starting
Every Driver and Guard before starting with a train shall
examine the notices issued for their guidance and ascertain
therefrom whether there is anything requiring their special
attention on that section of the railway over which they have
4.31. Examination of train before starting
When a train is examined by a Train Examiner at a station, the
Station Master shall not give permission to start the train
until he has received a report from such examiner to the effect
that the train is fit to proceed and has the prescribed brake
4.32. Examination of train by Driver
The Driver shall, before the commencement of the journey and
after performing any shunting en route, ensure -
(a) that his engine is in proper working order,
(b) that the coupling between the engine and the train is
properly secured, and
(c) that the head light and marker lights as prescribed in
sub-rule (1) of Rule 4.14 are in good order, and these are kept
burning brightly, when required.
4.33. Examination of single and multiple units by Driver
When coupling single or multiple units or coaches of any such
units together, the Driver shall be responsible for observing
that all electrical couplings are properly made. After all
couplings have been made, the Driver while taking over the
complete train shall satisfy himself that the control and power
apparatus and brakes of the complete train are in proper and
prescribed working order.
4.34. Duties of Guard when taking over charge of a train:-
The Guard when taking over charge of a train shall satisfy himself,
before the train is despatched
(a) that the train is properly coupled,
(b) that the train is provided with the prescribed brake power,
(c) that the train carries tail board or tail lamp and side
lamps and that such lamps are lighted and kept burning
brightly, when required.
(d) that the appliance, if any, for communication between the
Guard and the Driver, is in proper working orders, and
(e) generally that, as far as he can ascertain, the train is in
a state of efficiency for travelling.
4.35. Starting of trains
(1) A Driver shall not start his train from a station without the
authority to proceed. Before starting the train, he shall satisfy
himself that all correct fixed signals and, where necessary, hand
signals are given and the line before him is clear of visible
obstructions and the Guard has given the signal to start.
(2) The Guard shall not give the signal for starting the train
unless he has received the permission of the Station Master to
start, in the manner prescribed by special instructions.
(3) The Guard shall not give the signal for starting unless he
has satisfied himself that, except in accordance with special
instructions, no person is travelling in any compartment or
vehicle not intended for the use of passengers.
(4) The Station Master shall see, before he gives the Guard
permission to start a train, that all is right for the train to
(5) The permission of the Station master referred to in sub-rule
(2) may be dispensed with in case of suburban train on such
sections of a railway as may be specified by special
(6) When permission of the Station Master to start has been
dispensed with under sub-rule (5) or at a station where no
Station Master is posted, the Guard shall see, before giving the
starting signal, that all is right for the train to proceed.
4.36. Guard to be in charge of train
After the engine has been attached to a train, and during the
journey, the Guard or (if there be more than one Guard) the Head
Guard shall be in charge of the train in all matters affecting
stopping or movement of the train for traffic purpose. In the
case of any self-propelled vehicle, such as a motor coach without
a trailer and unaccompanied by a Guard, the duties of the Guard
shall devolve on the Driver.
4.37. Subordination of Guards in station limits
When a train is within station limits, the Guard shall be under
the orders of the Station Master.
4.38. Fireman and Assistant Drivers to obey Drivers
The Firemen or Assistant Drivers shall obey the lawful orders of
their Drivers in all particulars.
4.39. Driver to obey certain orders
After an engine has been attached to a train and during the
journey, the Driver shall obey
(a) the orders of the Guard, in all matters affecting the
starting, stopping or movement of the train for traffic
(b) all orders given to him by the Station Master or any
railway servant acting under special instructions, so far
as the safe and proper working of his engine will admit.
F. Duties of Staff Working Trains during journey
4.40. Driver and Fireman or Assistant Driver to keep a good look-out
Every Driver shall keep a good look-out while the train is in
motion, and every Fireman or Assistant Driver shall also do so
when he is not necessarily otherwise engaged.
4.41. Driver and Fireman or Assistant Driver to look back:-
The Driver and the Fireman or the Assistant Driver shall look
back frequently during the journey to see whether the train is
following in a safe and proper manner.
4.42. Exchange of signals between Driver, Guard and station staff:-
(1) The Driver and the Guard of a train shall exchange signals
with each other, at such times and in such manner as may be
prescribed by special instructions.
(2) The Driver and the Guard of a train shall, while running
through a station, look out for and, except under special
instructions, acknowledge the 'all right' signals which the
Station Master and such other staff at the station as may be
specified by special instructions shall give if the train is
proceeding in a safe and proper manner. If the train is not
proceeding in a safe and proper manner, the Station Master or the
other staff shall exhibit a Stop hand signal, on receipt of which
the Guard and the Driver shall take immediate steps to stop the
4.43. Guard to keep a good look-out:-
During the journey including halts at stations, every Guard shall
keep a good look-out and satisfy himself from time to time that
the tail board and brake-van lamps are in position and that all
brake-van lamps, where required, are burning brightly, that the
train is complete in every respect and is proceeding in a safe
and proper manner.
Note :- the term "brake-van lamp" includes "tail lamp".
4.44. Trains held up at first Stop signal:-
(1) When a train has, without an apparent cause, been kept
standing at the first Stop signal for five minutes, the Driver
shall sound the prescribed code of whistle to warn the Guard, and
the brakesman shall proceed to the cabin or station to warn the
Station master. If there is no brakesman, the Driver shall depute
a Fireman or Assistant Driver to proceed to the cabin or station
to warn the Station Master. The Brakesman or Fireman or Assistant
Driver proceeding to the cabin or station shall show a Stop hand
signal towards the station. The Guard shall, as soon as the train
is stopped at the first Stop signal, check up that the tail board
or tail lamp is correctly exhibited and shall maintain a vigilant
attitude in rear of the train. After fifteen minutes or such less
time as may be prescribed by special instructions, the Guard
shall, irrespective of whether the cause is apparent or not,
proceed to protect the rear of the train in accordance with
instructions laid down in Rule 6.03. If in the meantime the
signal is taken 'off', or the Driver receives the necessary
authority to pass the signal in the 'on' position, he shall sound
the prescribed code of whistle to recall the Guard and exchange
hand signal with him before starting the train.
(2) In the case of a train not accompanied by a Guard, these
duties shall devolve on the Driver.
4.45. Attracting attention of Driver:-
(1) If any Guard sees reason to apprehend danger or considers it
necessary for any reason to stop the train, he shall use his best
endeavors to attract the attention of the Driver.
(2) In the absence of other means of communications with the
engine, a Guard desiring to attract the Driver's attention shall
apply his hand brake sharply and as suddenly release it, and
wherever possible, he shall reverse the side lamps to show red
towards the engine.
(3) When the attention of the Driver has been attracted, the
necessary hand signal shall be shown.
(4) If the train is fitted with continuous brake, the Guard may,
in case of emergency, apply such brake gradually to stop the
4.46. Assistance from Guard's hand brake :-
When the Driver requires the assistance of Guard's hand brake, he
shall sound the prescribed code of whistle, if necessary
repeatedly, or, if a brake whistle is provided, sound such
whistle, and shall also use other means of communication, if
provided, between the Driver and the Guard.
4.47. Application of Guard's hand brake:-
(1) When the Driver sounds the prescribed code of whistle or the
brake whistle, the Guards shall immediately apply their hand
(2) When a train is travelling down a steep incline, the Guards
shall, if necessary to steady the train, assist the Driver with
their hand brakes.
4.48. Permission of Guard to detach engine from train:-
When a train has been brought to a stand outside station limits
or anywhere on a grade, the Driver shall not detach his engine
from the train without the permission of the Guard who, before
giving such permission, shall satisfy himself that the van-brakes
have been put on securely and take such other measures as may be
necessary or prescribed by special instructions. Provided that
detaching of engines from trains in such cases may be prohibited
altogether under special instructions wherever considered
necessary in the interest of safety.
4.49. Starting and stopping of train:-
The Driver shall start and stop his train carefully and without a
4.50. Sounding of engine whistle:-
(1) Except under special instructions, the Driver shall always
sound the whistle of the engine according to the prescribed code
(a) before putting an engine in motion;
(b) when entering a tunnel; and
(c) at such other times and places as may be prescribed by
(2) Engine whistle code shall be prescribed under special
4.51. Bell signals between Driver and Guard
When bell communication is provided between the Driver and the
Guard of the train, bell signal code, as may be prescribed by
special instructions, shall be used.
4.52. Throwing out water, fire or cinders
A Driver or Fireman shall not throw out water, fire or cinders,
when passing through a station yard or tunnel, or when on a
4.53. Hose or water crane
After taking water from a tank or water column, the Driver shall
see that the hose or arm is left clear of the line and, when it
is provided with fastenings, properly secured.
Every Guard shall give his best assistance to passengers
entraining and detraining.
G. Duties of Staff on Arrival
4.55. Shutting off power
In stopping a train, the Driver shall determine where to shut off
power by paying particular attention to the gradient, the state
of the weather, the condition of the rails, the brake power and
the length and weight of the train.
4.56. Guard to see that train is stopped clear of fouling marks:-
When a train comes to a stand at a station, the Guard shall see
that, wherever possible, the last vehicle of his train has
cleared the fouling marks of all points and crossings. If not, he
shall inform the Station Master at once and exhibit Stop hand
signal to prevent any movement on the fouled line.
4.57. Detaching engine:-
Wherever a train has been brought to a stand, and it is necessary
for the engine, with or without vehicles, to be detached from the
rest of the train, the Guard shall, before the train is
uncoupled, satisfy himself that the van-brakes have been put on
securely and take such other measures as may be prescribed by
4.58. Driver to see that train is stopped clear of fouling marks:-
When a train comes to a stand at a station, the Driver shall see
that, wherever possible, his engine is clear of the fouling marks
of all points and crossings. If not, he shall take steps to
inform the Station Master at once and exhibit Stop hand signal to
prevent any movement on the fouled line.
4.59. Moving of train carrying passengers after it has been stopped at
When a train carrying passengers has been brought to a stand at a
station, whether alongside, beyond, or short of the platform, the
Driver shall not move it, except under orders of the Guard or to
avert an accident.
4.60. Guard not to leave trail till handed over
No Guard shall leave his train until it has been properly handed
over in accordance with special instructions.
4.61. Driver not to leave engine when on duty
No driver shall leave his working locomotive or his
self-propelled vehicle when on duty, whether at a station or on a
running line, except in case of absolute necessity and after a
competent railway servant has been placed in charge of the
locomotive or self-propelled vehicle. In the case of a
self-propelled vehicle manned by a Driver only, a Driver may
leave it when necessary, provided he has locked the cabs and has
put the vehicle in low gear with the ignition witch in the off
position and has screwed down and locked the hand brake.
H. Working of Material Trains
4.62. Working of a material train in a block section
A material train shall be worked only with the permission of
Station Masters on each side and in accordance with special
4.63. Workers on material train
The Guard of a material train shall, before giving the signal to
start, see that all the workers are on the train and warn them to
4.64. Protection of material train when stabled:-
(1) A material train shall not be stabled on a running line at a
station, except in unavoidable circumstances.
(2) When a material train is stabled at a station, it shall be
protected in the following manner and the Station Master shall
ensure that -
(a) the vehicles of the material train have been properly
secured and are not fouling any points or crossings,
(b) all necessary points have been set against the line on
which the material train is stabled and such points have been
secured with clamps or bolts and cotters and padlocks, and
(c) the keys of such padlocks are kept in his personal
custody until the material train is ready to leave the siding
(3) The Guard shall not relinquish charge until he has satisfied
himself that the material train has been protected as prescribed
in this rule.
4.65. Working of track maintenance machines
Track laying or on track tamping or maintenance machines shall be
worked only with the permission of the Station Master and in
accordance with special instructions.
I. Private Engines and Vehicles
4.66. Private engines and vehicles
No engine or other vehicle, which are the property of a private
owner, shall be allowed to enter upon the railway, except in
accordance with special instructions.